Pancit bihon and kutsinta [kooch-in-].

I can still taste the rice noodles and the coconut crumbs on the soft, round rice cakes. They were makunat [mah-koo-nat], the way I like them, the reason I fancy them. I don’t think there’s a word elsewhere that comes close to describing the cake’s one of a kind texture. Chewy comes to mind but it isn’t quite the same.

The meal was good but nothing out of the ordinary and yet I can still piece the memory of that meal together very well. It was December, weeks before Christmas, days before the start of Misa de Gallo. I was eating alone serenaded by Jose Mari Chan piped through the radio in the dingy food court in Divisoria. I was shopping alone for Christmas presents. My mom gave up on shopping with me one time she accompanied me to the mall. My mom and I are alike in so many ways but when it comes to shopping we are night and day. It takes her mere minutes to shop; she spots something she likes and she buys it. I, on the other hand, take hours. I like to take my time, circling around from store to store, hunting for the best deal, and haggling for the best price. Divisoria was, and still is, the perfect place for such deals and such prices.

I remember planting myself on a hard, plastic bench in a quiet corner of the bustling mall to rest my feet weary from all the walking all morning. I had everything I needed. I had presents for everyone on my list, mostly knockoffs and twofers too good to pass. I had toys for my nieces and nephews. I had rolls of wrapping paper and gift tags. All that was missing was bibingka to bring back home and I was all set for Christmas.




Kutsinta Recipe
Recipe adapted from Reynaldo G. Alejandro’s Authentic Recipes from the Philippines, makes 12 cakes, four servings

1 cup rice flour
3/4 cup brown sugar
1-1/2 cup water
1/2 teaspoon lye water, preferably Koon Chun brand
homemade latik
grated coconut

Whisk rice flour and sugar in a bowl. Add water and lye water and stir until well combined. Use a rubber spatula to break up any lumps and stir until mixture is smooth. Lye water gives kutsinta its deep brown color. Lye water for cooking is readily available in most Asian stores. I prefer the Koon Chun brand. You can leave the lye water out of the recipe. The cakes will still be makunat but their color will be pale brown.

Pour mixture into 3-inch ramekins or muffin pans until about halfway full. Place ramekins or muffin pans in a steamer and steam until cakes are firm and cooked, about 30 minutes. In place of ramekins, you can use small prep bowls or dipping dishes used for sawsawan.

Run a paring knife around the edge of the cakes and carefully remove them. Serve warm or let the cakes cool completely before serving. Garnish with latik and grated coconut. Pair with a plate of pancit, the way I like to eat them.




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  • Ruthie Stephen

    Wow!! It looks yummy and so easy to make. Just one question – What is lye water, what can I substitute it with? Is i used just for color? Can I skip it if I dont find it here in India?

  • Liren Baker

    Jun, you’ve made my favorite! And for some reason, I have yet to make it myself. Just last night I was making Sapin Sapin for the kids and I realized I really should give Kutsinta a try. When I do, I will make yours. Thank you! Wishing you a wonderful Christmas!

  • Lysa

    Yum! How about puto Bumbong? Do you think we can make this here.

  • Jun Belen

    Happy Holidays to you, too, Liren!

  • Jun Belen

    Oh, Lysa, soon I hope. Puto bumbong is a bit challenging to make without the bamboo steamers back home. I’m still figuring out a good way to make these cakes without them.

  • Jun Belen

    Thank you, Ruthie, for writing. Lye water is a strongly alkaline solution used mostly in Chinese cooking, in making noodles and dumplings. It is also used in Filipino cooking, specifically in making rice cakes. In the old days, lye water was obtained by adding water to ashes and the ash concentrate is used in making rice cakes to change the color and texture. Lye water is typically available in most Asian stores. For this recipe, you can leave it out. The cakes will have the same chewy texture but the color will be pale instead of deep brown.

    I hope you’ll try it. Happy Holidays to you!

  • Lysa

    Here’s an idea… How about wrapping the puto bumbong batter in banana leaves (similar to making tamales) and steaming? I would try it, but how do you make the actual purple puto bumbong dough/batter/mixture? Do you have a recipe for it?

  • Tanya

    I have been looking for a site on Filipino recipes for awhile and just stumbled upon this one which has some brilliant recipes from my childhood! I’m so excited to start trying them out- absolutely fantastic work- thank you :)

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